O R A L E N G L I S H
Instructor: Dr Algirdas Makarevicius
ORAL PRESENTATION TOPICS
Introduction to Language and Communication
1. What is ‘speaking’ and how to learn to speak efficiently?
2. What are the differences between ‘public speaking’ and ‘face-to-face
3. Language, information, knowledge, creativity, thinking, and communication.
Friendship and Love Issues
1. Why and How do we celebrate St Valentine’s Day?
2. Friendship and love.
3. Gender equality and the importance of sex education.
4. Marriage and responsibility.
5. Case study.
and how to prevent them.
Loss weight dieting and health.
Tobacco, alcohol, drugs, and their effects to human body.
AIDS, SARS, Hepatitis B and other infectious diseases.
5. Case study.
Child abuse, harassment, and prostitution.
Capital punishment and life imprisonment.
5. Case study.
Music and Musicians
Main genres of
Singers and songs.
Music and violence.
UFO’s and aliens.
Illusions and reality.
Superstitions and mythology.
Dreams and their meanings.
Movies, Films, Cinemas, TV
1. Film as a medium of mass communication and as an
2. Censorship and social responsibility.
3. World’s famous movies.
4. Children, TV, and violence
1. Advertising as communication.
2. The advertising industry; the Internet and advertising.
3. Principles of marketing management.
4. How to advertise a product? (Case Study)
Continents of the world.
Famous cities and countries of the world.
The wanders of the world.
Famous mountains, lakes, rivers, and deserts.
Universe and solar system.
Exploration of Earth, Mars, and other planets.
Space exploration (Moon, stars, asteroids, comets, meteorites).
Slavery (in Europe, Asia, America, Africa).
Wars and other disasters of the world.
Genocide, sexism, racism, fascism and terrorism in world history.
How to start a small business?
How to manage a company?
Major business tycoons and their lives.
How to make your business successful?
PCs: desktops, laptops, and the Internet history.
Web pages and how to develop them.
The World Wide Web and new business opportunities.
The Internet crime, computer addiction and computerphobia.
5. Case study.
Violence in schools.
My dream school.
Educational technology (TV, radio, tape recorder, computer,
Stages of finding a job in the job market. Types of jobs.
What to say and what not to say at a job interview?
Work ethics and the importance of communication.
How to find and keep a good job?
5. Case studies.
Sports and Games
drugs and Olympic Games.
and aggressiveness in sports.
most popular athletes and the World Olympic Games.
Preparation for Examination
Examination requirements. Format and content.
WEBSITES and KEY WORDS
study the handout, the websites, and the key words (=the most important words of themes). We will often use these words in
our discussions in class. You must write them out into your Vocabulary Notebook (=a special notebook for English words and
their written explanations in English or/and in Chinese) and try to memorize them. Do not forget to write transcription at
each word clearly and correctly. You must use either an English-Chinese or an English-English dictionary in order to understand
the meanings of the words. I will check your Vocabulary Notebook, from time to time.
read and study this handout very carefully. You must also visit the web sites below and study the words from Week 2.
Try to give your answers and prepare to speak on the following topics (find some answers in the websites indicated below):
1. WHY and HOW
do we celebrate St Valentine’s Day?
3. Gender equality and the importance of sex education.
4. Marriage and responsibility.
have any questions please do not hesitate to ask me.
Key words: gender, masculine, feminine, gender equality, inequality, to fall out of love, to have a crush on
somebody, abortion, pregnancy, pregnant, cyber sex, contraceptives, discrimination, foolish love, gay marriage, homophobia,
homosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual, safe sex, psychology of sex, sexual links, sexuality, sexually transmitted disease, to
ban homosexual marriages, love and color.
or go to: http://www.mayoclinic.com/index.cfm (diseases and their descriptions)
Key words: weight, to weigh, disease, illness, health care, blood analysis, aging, virus, antibiotics, penicillin,
anesthetics, alcoholism, allergy, anemia, cancer, Hepatitis B, breast cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, brain cancer, prostate
cancer, skin cancer, cancer treatment, depression, music therapy, organ donation, diabetes, indigestion, digestive disorders,
diabetes, gonorrhea, syphilis, hearing loss, influenza, insomnia, allergy, asthma, leukemia, multiple sclerosis, nutrients,
Parkinson’s Disease, pediatrics, physical therapy, schizophrenia, spinal injury, tuberculosis, SARS (=Severe Acute Respiratory
Syndrome), AIDS (=Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), euthanasia, disabled; intellectually challenged (synonyms: mentally
challenged, mentally disabled, mentally retarded), cough, psychiatric treatment, glaucoma, surgeon, microsurgery operation,
blood pressure, pregnancy, placebo.
Key words: social evil, sexual harassment, capital punishment (=death penalty), execution, life imprisonment,
human cloning, abuse, school uniforms, teenage pregnancy, homeless, artificial insemination, donation, sperm donor, sperm
bank, childless couples, pregnant teenagers, feminism, generation gap, prostitution, mercy killing, euthanasia.
Music and Musicians:
Key words: Beethoven, Bach, Mozart, Handel, Tchaikovsky, Michael Jackson, Elvis Presley, the Beatles; swan
lake, symphony, symphony orchestra, lyrics, ballet, jazz, heavy metal, pop music, rock music, trumpet, drum, folk music, musical
instrument, to play the piano, composer, musician, singer, conductor, genres of music, choir, chorus, religious music, church
music, electronic music, ethnic and national music, country music, film music, wedding music, tango, ancient music, tango,
blues, band music, choral music, accordion, trombone, guitar, harmonica, harp.
Key words: aliens, superstition, supernatural, illusion (antonym: disillusionment), Santa Clause, myth, mythology,
UFO (=Unidentified Flying Object), flying saucers, ghost, spook, Bermuda Triangle, physicists, phenomenon (plural: phenomena),
scientific exploration / investigation, analysis of information, findings, empirical evidence, silvery oval-shaped objects,
rumors, military agency, secret service, CIA (=Central Intelligence Agency), FBI (=Federal Bureau of Investigation), Pentagon,
top secret (=super-secret = super-top-secret) information, gems, opals, diamonds, special power, conscious (antonym: subconscious),
REM (Rapid Eye Movement – the time when we dream), hallucinations, witness, mystery, predicament, hypothetical events.
cinemas, films, TV:
Key words: entertainment industry, censorship, censor, producer, director, scriptwriter, film editor, assistant
editor, on-call technician, script, actor, actress, movie star, projectionist, film critic, talk show host, cinematic technique,
imagination, incredible imagination, Disney, Mickey Mouse cartoon, Titanic, Terminator, Harry Potter, Star Wars, Jurassic
Park, The Lost World, Jaws, the main hero, feature, documentary, cartoon, advanced computer technology, silent film, screen,
filming, costumes, CGT (=Computer Graphics Technology), separate shots combined into a single image, special effects, computer-generated
dinosaurs, designer, illusion, magic show, terrific movie, genre, horror film, mystery, pornographic film, thriller, action
movie, detective, cop, sheriff, gunfighter, FBI agent, kidnapper, cowboy, film analysis, space manipulation, lighting, the
action takes place…, focus on key points and characters, live TV program, commercials, obsession, to attract a larger
audience, true to life movie, unique, typical, typical setting, the ranch, the saloon, typical western, violence.
Key words: market research, corporation, company (synonym: firm), advertisement (=ad), marketing, excellent
advertising, gimmick, advertise, promote, promotion, product, consumer goods, advertising and media, rules, ethics, celebrity,
entrepreneur, travel services, car dealers, insurance company, car-repair garage, mail-order company, soft drinks, fast food,
casual clothing, jeans, athletic shoes, hair salon, massage parlor, music store, supermarket, megastore, choice of products,
health club, to succeed in business, profit, profitable, to gain profit, to run a profitable restaurant, small business, big
business, cheap, expensive, name, location, product or service, type of advertising, catchy slogan, company logo, small business
plan, to run a business, radio commercials, salesperson, to open a business, brand new and modern, customer (synonym: client),
e-commerce, WTO (=World Trade Organization), e-mail marketing technique, search engine marketing, web marketing, pop-up windows,
compete, competitor, competition, competitively priced, to offer a quality product, business partner, business web site, online
business, good/bad reputation, promotional material, consumer complaints, letter of complaint.
http://www.emulateme.com/ World Encyclopedia
Key words: world atlas, equator, capital city, multicultural city, flag, hemisphere, national park, rain forest,
continent, ocean, desert, mountain peak, earthquake, volcano, volcanic origin, arctic circle, glaciers, bay, gulf, Antarctica.
Please write down into your Vocabulary Notebook capital cities of the following countries, and learn how to pronounce them:
Syria, Andorra, Austria, Australia, Monaco, Madagascar, Tuvalu, Georgia, Jamaica, Finland, Bangladesh, Norway, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Nauru, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Latvia, Swaziland, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Burma, Panama, Bahrain, Brazil,
South Africa, Barbados, Afghanistan, Canada, India, France, Bhutan, Germany, Fiji, Denmark, Palau, Peru, Burma, Mexico, Rwanda,
Portugal, China, Albania, Morocco, the United States of America (= the USA), Liechtenstein, Poland, Bulgaria, Congo, Tajikistan,
Kenya, the Netherlands, United Kingdom (=UK), Colombia, Ireland, Iceland, Turkey, Cyprus, Greece, Armenia, Barbados, Nicaragua,
Samoa, Estonia, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Ukraine, Botswana, Papua New Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, El Salvador, Laos, Yugoslavia,
Grenada, Macedonia, Croatia, Saudi Arabia, New Zealand, Haiti, Kuwait, Ethiopia, Qatar, Vatican, Ecuador, Yemen, United Arab
Emirates (=UAE), Tanzania, Macedonia, Egypt, Japan, Tonga, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Romania, Vietnam, Thailand, Zambia, Kiribati,
Holland, Chile, Bolivia, Philippines, Cuba, Eritrea, Nigeria, Niger, Korea, Indonesia, Moldova, Argentina, Russia, Sweden,
Israel, Malaysia. Please sort out the above countries according to continents. Which is the smallest country according
to its population? What are the wonders of the world?
Key words: universe, universe existence, galaxy, astronomer, astronaut, cosmonaut, space-ship, rocket, space
shuttle, planet, satellite, meteorite, comet, asteroid, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, International Space Station, space exploration,
oxygen, hypothesis, black holes, telescope, Galileo Galilei, Nicolas Copernicus; invent, discover, Neil Armstrong; observatory,
observation, solar planets, solar energy, ultra-violet rays (=UV rays), Earth
rotation, axis, the Earth orbits the Sun, crater, ozone layer, weightlessness, gravity (synonyms: gravitation, attraction,
pull), space laboratory, explosion, matter (synonym: material), infinity, space travel, the surface of Mars, rover, Mars Exploration
Rover mission, to land on Mars, hematite, the Milky Way Galaxy.
http://www.emulateme.com/ World Encyclopedia
Key words: slavery, holocaust,
Pearl Harbor, World War II, American Revolution, Renaissance, hyper-history, Columbus, Confucius, Hitler, genocide, sexism,
racism, fascism, terrorism, natural disaster, earthquake, volcano, Venice.
After the tragedy of September 11 many people have become more interested
in world history because, as Winston Churchill said: 'The farther backward you can
look, the farther forward you are likely to see'.
Key words: to run a company, tycoon, millionaire,
to manage, lawyer, consultant, business plan, home based business, tax, finance, human resources (HR), retail price, wholesale
price, import, export, marketing plan, advertiser, entrepreneur, managing director, general manager, manager, assistant manager,
president, vice-president, deputy director, director, executive secretary, secretary, receptionist, human resource manager,
web designer, security guard, employer, employee, warehouse assistant, insurance agent, to go bankrupt, competitor, competition.
Key words: online, on the net, to browse, modem, wireless internet, laptop computer, desktop computer, virus,
screen-saver, search engine, e-mail address, inbox, computer consultant, website, webmaster, digital camera, download, upload,
Key words: Secretary of Education, volunteer teacher, freelance teacher, kindergarten teacher, middle school
teacher, high school teacher, university professor, tutor, instructor, teacher, teacher’s assistant, assistant professor,
associate professor, lecturer, senior lecturer, segregated school, co-educational school, generation gap, campus, dormitory
(halls of residence), violence, segregate, extracurricular, sexual deviations, compulsory education.
Key words: dentist, doctor, nurse, pharmacist, soldier, sergeant, general, major, captain, priest, funeral
director, undertaker, grave digger, pop star, model, fashion designer, cop (syn.: police officer, constable), executioner,
car park attendant, journalist, reporter, writer, freelance writer, poet, accountant, financial manager, account manager,
book-keeper, cleaner, toilet cleaner, garbage collector, scavenger, judge, lawyer, waiter, waitress, actor, actress, driver,
truck driver, taxi driver, ambulance driver, pilot, air hostess, flight attendant, stewardess, computer consultant, computer
analyst, hardware engineer, database developer, network administrator, photographer, geographer, politician, premier, prime
minister, executive secretary, secretary, receptionist, secretary of education (=minister of education), managing director,
general manager, manager, assistant manager, president, vice-president, deputy director, director, painter, prison warder,
miner, baby-sitter, nanny, servant, chef, cook, prostitute, harlot, escort, astronaut, cosmonaut, travel agent, customs officer,
housewife, househusband, housekeeper, scientist, research scientist, postman, musician, composer, singer, dance instructor,
dancer, opera singer, professional athlete, spy, secret agent, customs officer, architect, ecologist, geologist, biologist,
biochemist, zoologist, mathematician, sociologist, psychiatrist, psychologist, physicist, linguist, translator, interpreter,
barber, hairdresser, carpenter, shoemaker, tailor, florist, gardener, landscaper, employment agent, travel agent, salesperson,
security guard, body guard, dog guard, firefighter, fireman, beautician, massage therapist, debt collector, beggar, hiking
trail guard, dog walker, menu writer, toy tester, chocolate taster, gossip columnist, fortune-teller, producer, film critic,
film reviewer, censor, scriptwriter, editor, film editor, assistant editor, on-call technician, movie star, projectionist,
film critic, talk show host, illusionist, volunteer teacher, freelance teacher, kindergarten teacher, middle school teacher,
high school teacher, university professor, tutor, instructor, teacher, teacher’s assistant, assistant professor, associate
professor, lecturer, senior lecturer, recruiter, pediatrician, women’s doctor, marketing manager, software engineer,
web designer, computer programmer, technician, machine operator, warehouse assistant, welder, project manager, human resource
(HR) manager, administrator, administrative assistant, human resource assistant, historian, file clerk, resume writing expert,
bartender, inspector, librarian, researcher, worker, laborer, bricklayer, farm worker, farmer, shepherd, promoter, exhibition
designer, museum manager, visitor services manager, assistant in a museum, visitor
services assistant, museum archivist, registrar, advertiser, entrepreneur, car dealer, debt collector, electrician, electrical
engineer, insurance agent, book publisher, TV announcer.
Key words: professional, amateur, violent sports, coach, aggressiveness, drugs, tennis, basketball, volleyball,
football, track-and-field athletics, boxing, swimming, gymnastics, skiing, skating, mountain climbing, snorkeling.
SEARCH ENGINES AND WEB SITES
In addition to the above-mentioned, you are
strongly advised to use the following search engines and web sites in order to prepare for your oral presentation topics.
http://www.english-net.com (IELTS speaking)
http://www.emulateme.com/ World Encyclopedia (countries)
http://www.britannica.com/ (Encyclopedia Britannica)
2. Participation in class: 15
3. Oral presentation topic: 25
4. Examination: 50
Total score: 100
1. Attendance is very important.
For each missed class you will lose 5 points of total assessment. If you do not miss any classes you will automatically get
added 10 points for attendance. So, if you miss two classes, you will lose 10 points.
miss three or more classes, you will continue losing 5 points for each missed class: points will be deducted from your examination.
2. Participation in class means that you will have
to speak in class only in English, LISTEN ATTENTIVELY, ask questions students who gave oral presentations, and ACTIVELY
COMMUNICATE with other students and with your teacher. You may lose up to 10 points during each class time if
a) speak with other students in Chinese during the lesson,
b) do not listen to other students’ oral presentations,
c) do not write out at home the key words into your Vocabulary Notebook,
d) do not bring to class either an English-Chinese or an English-English dictionary,
e) do not bring to class Vocabulary Notebook, and/or other handouts which were given to you by your
teacher during the previous classes,
f) do not copy from the whiteboard into your Vocabulary Notebook whatever was written there by me or
write out the words from this handout into your Vocabulary Notebook at home, and try to memorize them both at home
and in class. In addition, you must be able to use your dictionary in class, when requested.
3. Oral presentation topic. Each student is required
to make an oral presentation and contribute to discussions in class. Oral presentation should last approximately ten minutes
plus about five to ten minutes will be devoted to questions-answers and discussions. Your oral presentation must meet the
1. Plan what to say. A forceful speech must be
thought out beforehand. Write it but never read it.
2. Keep it simple. Resist the temptation to cram
into a speech as many points as possible. Your audience will not be able to remember them all. Speak fluently, clearly,
loudly, and slowly. Do not hurry.
3. Use visual means if possible.
4. Take command. Show your audience who is holding
the floor and deserve full attention. The speaker who tries to do the job sitting down abdicates authority. You must come
out into the open. The audience wants to see as much of you as possible. They will then feel that you are confiding in them.
5. Relax. Even an experienced orator such as former
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, admits: “I feel nervous on every occasion I have to speak.” But never
let stage fright show. An audience feels sorry for a panic-stricken speaker to begin with; then listeners lose patience and
interest. If you are too nervous, try to forget that it is you who is about to speak. Pretend it is someone else – a
speaker you admire.
6. Stand confidently. The most frequent question
I get from students is: “What shall I do with my hands?” Take a pencil or a book and keep in your hand.
7. Be friendly. Audiences are warm to amiable,
happy-looking speakers. Begin with a smile. It switches on your audience, arouses their interest.
8. Watch your timing. Audiences never forgive speakers who overrun and keep them from lunch. Fifteen minutes is about the maximum time for
your speech. If you cannot see a clock face, twist your watch round to the underside of your wrist for discreet time-checks.
There’s a Latin proverb for the best possible advice on timing: Praestate dicete
et tacete (=“Stand up, speak up and shut up”).
4. Examination will cover the topics which were covered in class, mainly according to the Course Outline (see ‘Course
Outline’). I will explain and discuss with you some important/specific details during the last three weeks of the term.
of the above requirements is very important for effective development of your English speaking skills.